For those who are interested, here is a list in alphabetical order of 32 organizations involved in both the denial campaign surrounding tobacco and that surrounding Anthropogenic Global Warming. I also researched the organizations to see which would appear to be libertarian, including a source for each.

1. Acton Institute (Libertarian 1) index.php?title=Acton_Institute

The Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty (founded 1990) is a Classical Liberal think tank, part of the Atlas Economic Research Foundation network, which promotes laissez-faire economics and public policy within a Christian framework. “Together, empowered by faith in God and belief in human freedom, we truly can make a difference.” index.php?title=Acton_Institute

2. American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) (Libertarian 2) index.php/ American_Legislative_Exchange_Council


The mission statement of the organisation is to “promote the principles of federalism by developing and promoting policies that reflect the Jeffersonian principles that the powers of government are derived from, and assigned to, first the People, then the States, and finally the National Government.” index.php/ American_Legislative_Exchange_Council

3. Alexis de Tocquerville Institute (Libertarian 3) index.php/ Alexis_de_Tocqueville_Institution

The Alexis de Tocqueville Institution was founded in 1988 in Redwood City, CA. The first corporate board was formed in 1989 by Robert Severns, Eugene Ravizza and Bruce Thompson. AdTI claims that they “follow the principles of Tocqueville himself…among these liberal ideas are civil liberty, political equality, and economic freedom and opportunity”. index.php/ Alexis_de_Tocqueville_Institution

4. American Enterprise Institute (Libertarian 4) index.php?title=American_Enterprise_Institute

The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI) is an extremely influential, pro-business, conservative think tank founded in 1943 by Lewis H. Brown. It promotes the advancement of free enterprise capitalism[1], and succeeds in placing its people in influential governmental positions. It is the center base for many neo-conservatives. index.php?title=American_Enterprise_Institute

5. Americans for Prosperity (Libertarian 5) index.php?title=Americans_for_Prosperity

Americans for Prosperity (AFP), a section 501(c)(4) organization, and Americans for Prosperity Foundation (AFP Foundation), a section 501(c)(3) organization, are “committed to educating citizens about economic policy and a return of the federal government to its Constitutional limits.” On its website it states that it supports “cutting taxes and government spending in order to halt the encroachment of government in the economic lives of citizens by fighting proposed tax increases and pointing out evidence of waste, fraud, and abuse.”[1]….
‘I think the bill is dead,’ said Peggy Venable, Texas director of Americans for Prosperity, which opposed the legislation, arguing that it is an intrusion on private-property rights.” The strategy of portraying smoking as a “property right” can be traced to Philip Morris which, in the mid-1990s, introduced bills in state legislatures nominally to protect property rights as a means of fighting smoking bans….
AFP opposed a clean indoor air law in Kansas City, portraying the issue as one of personal liberty and economics rather than public health.[16] index.php?title=Americans_for_Prosperity

6. Atlas Economic Research Foundation (Libertarian 6) index.php?title=Atlas_Economic_Research_Foundation

For over two decades, a Virginia-based organization has been quietly working as the Johnny Appleseed of conservative think tanks. With a modest $4 million dollar budget in 2003 and a staff of eight, Atlas Economic Research Foundation is on a mission to populate the world with new “free market” voices. In its 2003 review of activities, quaintly titled its “Investor Report,” Atlas boasted that it worked with “70 new think-tank entrepreneurs from 37 foreign countries and several states of the U.S.,” including Lithuania, Greece, Mongolia, Ghana, the Philippines, Brazil and Argentina.

The mission of Atlas, according to John Blundell (president from 1987 to 1990), “is to litter the world with free-market think-tanks.” index.php?title=Atlas_Economic_Research_Foundation

7. Burson-Marsteller (PR firm) index.php?title=Burson-Marsteller

8. Citizens Against Government Waste (CAGW) index.php?title=Citizens_Against_Government_Waste

9. Cato Institute (Libertarian 7) index.php?title=Cato_Institute

The Cato Institute is a non-partisan libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. The Institute states that it favors policies “that are consistent with the traditional American principles of limited government, individual liberty, and peace.” [1] Cato scholars conduct policy research on a broad range of public policy issues, and produce books, studies, op-eds, and blog posts. They are also frequent guests in the media.

Cato was founded in 1977 by Edward H. Crane and Charles Koch, [2] the billionaire co-owner of Koch Industries; the largest privately owned company in the United States. Though diversified, the company amassed most of its fortune in oil trading and refining. [3] index.php?title=Cato_Institute

10. Competitive Enterprise Institute (Libertarian 8 )
Competitive Enterprise Institute And Global Warming index.php?title=Competitive_Enterprise_Institute/ Competitive_Enterprise_Institute_And_Global_Warming

CEI was founded in March 1984. In 1986, it began its “free market legal program,” which seeks to overturn government regulations that the CEI regards as inappropriate, such as regulations pertaining to drug safety, rent control, and automobile fuel efficiency (see the case study, Fuel efficiency standards and the laws of physics).

11. Consumer Alert (Libertarian 9) index.php?title=Consumer_Alert

In 1998 Philip Morris was canvassing possible organisations that might be an ally in its Youth Smoking Prevention programs. A memo from Roy Marden described Consumer Alert as a “DC free market consumer group, antithesis of the Nader effort. Perhaps we could involve them in an effort re responsible corporate activity w/consumers in mind, etc. Long-term recipient of (modest) PM funding”. index.php?title=Consumer_Alert

12. DCI Group (PR firm)

13. European Science and Environment Forum (defunct) index.php?title=European_Science_and_Environment_Forum

14. Fraser Institute (Libertarian 10) index.php?title=Fraser_Institute

The Fraser Institute is a libertarian think tank based in Vancouver, British Columbia. index.php?title=Fraser_Institute

15. Frontiers of Freedom (Libertarian 11) index.php?title=Frontiers_of_Freedom


According to the organization’s web site, “Frontiers of Freedom is a cutting-edge, forward-looking policy group advancing center-right principles in today’s fast-paced news and information age. We work with grassroots activists throughout the country to protect private property rights, secure our national security, and promote sensible public policies critical to our country’s liberty. index.php?title=Frontiers_of_Freedom

16. George C. Marshall Institute (Libertarian 12) index.php?title=George_C._Marshall_Institute

The following year, Frederick Seitz, chairman of the libertarian George C Marshall Institute, repeated the charges in the Wall Street Journal in an op-ed piece headlined “A major deception on global warming”.

Climate change denial: a history
Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway, The New Statesman, 01 June 2010 global-issues/ 2010/ 05/ climate-scientists-science

17. Harvard Center for Risk Analysis index.php?title=Harvard_Center_for_Risk_Analysis index.php?title=Harvard_Center_for_Risk_Analysis_and_Big_Tobacco

18. Heartland Institute (Libertarian 13) index.php?title=Heartland_Institute

The Heartland Institute, according to the Institute’s web site, is a nonprofit organization whose mission is “to discover and promote free-market solutions to social and economic problems”.[1] The Institute campaigns in support of:
“Common-sense environmentalism”, such as opposition to the the Kyoto Protocol aimed at countering global warming;…
The privatization of public services;
The introduction of school vouchers;
The deregulation of health care insurance; … index.php?title=Heartland_Institute

19. Heritage Foundation (Libertarian 14) index.php?title=Heritage_Foundation

Founded in 1973, The Heritage Foundation is a New Right think tank. Its stated mission is to formulate and promote conservative public policies based on the principles of “free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense.” It is widely considered one of the world’s most influential public policy research institutes. index.php?title=Heritage_Foundation

20. Independent Institute (Libertarian 15) index.php?title=The_Independent_Institute

Environmental Issues

Much of the Anti-Global Warming rhetoric published by The Independent Institute is the work of a few persons, and one stands out, both in quantity of releases, as well as notoriety, S. Fred Singer. Some of the other analysts of The Independent Institute agree that the environment is a pressing concern, including the issue of greenhouse gas emissions. Where they dissent from current environmental theory is in the proper methodologies for remediation, and they propose strong private property and free market solutions, a libertarian model for environmentalism. index.php?title=The_Independent_Institute

21. International Center for a Scientific Ecology index.php?title=International_Center_for_a_Scientific_Ecology

22. International Policy Network (Libertarian 16) index.php?title=International_Policy_Network

Historically, the IPN can be seen as a UK-based version of the Atlas Foundation. It was founded by Antony Fisher in the UK as the International Institute for Economic Research (IIER) in 1971….

In the USA, the Atlas Foundation also provides training and funding to start libertarian think-tanks. Fisher also went on to found the influential Institute for Economic Affairs (IEA), a classical liberal think tank based in London. index.php?title=International_Policy_Network

23. John Locke Foundation (Libertarian 17) index.php/ John_Locke_Foundation

The John Locke Foundation (JLF) is a right-wing, free-market think tank in North Carolina. The JLF describes itself as, “…an independent, nonprofit think tank that would work for truth, for freedom, and for the future of North Carolina.” [1] index.php/ John_Locke_Foundation

24. Junk Science (Steven J. Milloy) (Libertarian 18) index.php? is a website maintained by Steven J. Milloy, an adjunct scholar the Cato Institute and the Competitive Enterprise Institute – right wing think tanks with long histories of denying environmental problems at the behest of the corporations which fund them. Milloy is also a columnist for index.php?


Milloy is a self-described libertarian whose other unforgivable crimes include working for Fox News Channel and associating with think tanks that accept oil and/or tobacco money. He visited Pittsburgh Thursday to appear at an Alcoa stockholders meeting. I talked to him by cell phone as he drove back to his home near Washington, D.C.

Taking Out the Junk (Science)
By: Bill Steigerwald | Monday, May 12, 2008

25. National Center for Public Policy Research index.php?title=National_Center_for_Public_Policy_Research

26. National Journalism Center index.php?title=National_Journalism_Center index.php?title=The_National_Journalism_Center_and_Philip_Morris

27. National Legal Center for the Public Interest (NLCPI) index.php?title=National_Legal_Center_for_the_Public_Interest

28. Pacific Research Institute (Libertarian 19) index.php?title=Pacific_Research_Institute

The Pacific Research Institute (PRI) or officially the ‘Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy’, is a think tank founded in 1979 whose stated vision is the promotion of “the principles of individual freedom and personal responsibility. The Institute believes these principles are best encouraged through policies that emphasize a free economy, private initiative, and limited government.” The institute is a 501(c)3 non-profit corporation, and had $4.9M in revenue in 2005. [1] The Pacific Research Institute has associated with other think-tanks like the American Enterprise Institute and the Cato Institute. index.php?title=Pacific_Research_Institute

29. Reason Foundation (Libertarian 20) index.php?title=Reason_Foundation

The Reason Foundation describes itself as a “libertarian” [1] think tank which challenges strict environmental regulations: “A national research and education organization that explores and promotes public policy based on rationality and freedom.”[1] The Reason Foundation’s projects include and It is part of the Atlas Economic Research Foundation network. index.php?title=Reason_Foundation

30. Small Business Survival Committee index.php?title=Small_Business_Survival_Committee

31. The Advancement of Sound Science Coalition (TASSC) (Libertarian 21) index.php?title=The_Advancement_of_Sound_Science_Coalition

The Philip Morris effort also spawned the “junk science” home page. writer/editor/publisher Steven Milloy worked for TASSC, ultimately as its executive director before the sham operation was allowed to fade out of existence: ….

The effort to create a scientific defense for secondhand smoke was only one component in the tobacco industry’s multi-million-dollar PR campaign. To defeat cigarette excise taxes, a Philip Morris strategy document outlined plans for “Co-op efforts with third party tax organizations”–libertarian anti-taxation think tanks, such as Americans for Tax Reform, Citizens for a Sound Economy, Citizens for Tax Justice and the Tax Foundation. Other third party allies included the National Journalism Center, the Heartland Institute, the Claremont Institute, and National Empowerment Television, a conservative TV network. index.php?title=The_Advancement_of_Sound_Science_Coalition

32. Washington Legal Foundation (Libertarian 22) index.php?title=Washington_Legal_Foundation


The foundation states that it has “one goal” which is:
“to defend and promote the principles of freedom and justice.” Since it was founded 25 years ago, WLF has developed into the nation’s preeminent center for public interest law, advocating free-enterprise principles, responsible government, property rights, a strong national security and defense, and balanced civil and criminal justice system. index.php?title=Washington_Legal_Foundation

Regarding the use of Libertarianism by industry, recently I wrote:

…. what is it that has made conservativism so virulently anti-science nowadays? The influence of libertarianism?

And if libertarianism is so influential what has made that possible?
Doubt is their product. Tobacco and a host of health problems, CFCs and the destruction of the ozone layer, DDT and cancer, dioxins and both birth defects and cancer, asbestos and lung disease, fossil fuel and global warming, etc.. The ability to sow doubt has helped companies avoid or at least postpone regulation by government. Organizations have been funded to sow that doubt.

But ideology is a strong motivator as well — and they can’t possibly fund all the people that are needed to push their propaganda into the news and affect public opinion. So they have promoted the ideology of libertarianism since the 1970s using the same organizations that they have used to sow doubt. An ideology that as a matter of principle is opposed to government regulation.

Given the ideology of libertarianism, whenever industry has faced scientific facts that it deemed inconvenient it has had a willing army of believers who are ready to regard such facts as nonexistent or at worst irrelevant. 2010/ 08/ 13/ changes/ #comment-43733

Incidentally, I believe that promoting religious extremism may serve much the same function — and it is worth noting that Richard Mellon Scaife was largely responsible for funding the Religious Right so that it would become a political force in US politics back during the 1980s.